Medicine of the Future in America

Category Archives: Azoospermia - Part 2

Azoospermia – Evaluations and treatments: NONOBSTRUCTIVE AZOOSPERMIA (Part 3)

Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (low serum follicle-stimulating hormone [FSH] and testosterone) may be either congenital or acquired. Kallmann’s syndrome is the congenital form that results from abnormal production or secretion of GnRH by the hypothalamus. It may be associated with various ‘midline’ anomalies such as anosmia and cleft palate, and other anomalies such as deafness and renal malformation. Acquired hypogonadotropic hypogonadism may be associated with anabolic steroid abuse, pituitary tumours, isolated gonadotropin deficiency and panhypopituitarism. buy asthma inhaler Continue reading

Azoospermia – Evaluations and treatments: NONOBSTRUCTIVE AZOOSPERMIA (Part 2)

Endocrinological causes of nonobstructive azoospermia
Interpretation of hormonal levels for infertile patients should be cautious. The ‘normal’ range of values from various laboratories for hormonal profiles are generally derived from a population of subjects who are not known to have any pathological conditions that can affect the particular parameters (as opposed to being from a fertile population, as is done for semen analysis). Continue reading

Azoospermia – Evaluations and treatments: NONOBSTRUCTIVE AZOOSPERMIA (Part 1)

A wide range of etiologies can lead to nonobstructive azoospermia (Table 1). Because some of the pathological conditions that lead to nonobstructive azoospermia can be acquired or progress later in life, a history of fecundity (secondary infertility) in a man with azoospermia does not rule out nonobstructive causes. Continue reading

Azoospermia – Evaluations and treatments

Azoospermia - Evaluations and treatmentsThe evaluation and management strategies for infertile men have undergone tremendous changes in recent years, making the study of male infertility one of the fastest growing subspecialties in urology. In fact, just a decade ago, effective treatment options for men with azoospermia were limited. Hence, azoospermia was once considered by clinicians to be the most dismal form of male infertility. Continue reading

Copyright © 2012 Medicine of the Future in America www.perfexis.org