Asthma, with its persecuting attacks is far from a good reason to refuse from motherhood, don’t you think? Of course, no one can be sure that asthma condition will relive during pregnancy (although there are a lot of cases when asthma symptoms disappear forever after giving birth) and the future mothers are concerned about the possibility to take asthma medications during the pregnancy. Their anxiety is quite clear: some of the drugs can be harmful for the foetus.
The American Food and Drugs Administration has a classification of drugs to understand how safe they are being taken during gestation. The classification includes 5 categories beginning with the safest category A and finishing with contraindicated for using by pregnant women category X. The majority of asthma medications have category C or B of FDA Pregnancy classification. But the number of concerned women only increases. In this article we are going to explain why there is nothing to worry about while using asthma inhalers during pregnancy.
The intake of asthma medications is not only advisable, but also necessary as asthma symptoms should be kept under control. Certain risks of uncontrolled asthma are much higher than those of mother and the foetus after taking asthma drugs.
Although the majority of asthma-suffering women usually give birth to absolutely normal and healthy babies, uncontrolled asthma can be a reason of baby’s oxygen starvation. This can lead to baby’s weight shortage at birth and other problems. Uncontrolled asthma can increase the risk of complications for the woman, like hypertension, edematization, protein in urine and severe vomiting.
Medical specialists recommend various kinds of asthma inhalers for using during pregnancy, but the most prescribed are anti-inflammatory and fast-acting medications. Anti-inflammatory inhaled asthma drugs prevent or relieve the symptoms, reducing the degree of inflammation and swelling in the tissue lung. They usually do not provide rapid relieving of asthma symptoms. How many anti-inflammatory drugs you will use depends on your asthma condition. But none of the asthma treatment plans can exclude inhaled corticosteroids. These medications are characterized by the possibility to control and relieve inflammatory processes in the lungs and thereby relieve the swelling. Steroids got category C of FDA pregnancy classification. This means that they proved to cause serious abnormalities in infant rats and mice, although this side effect occurs only in animals and has nothing to do with humans.
The second type of drugs used for treating asthma is class of bronchodilators. These medications are used to treat an asthma attack that has already begun and can stop it quickly. The action is based on relaxing of tensed muscles in the lungs and relieving a bronchospasm. Relaxed muscles let open up the airways and feel better. Bronchodilators are considered to be safe for pregnant women and embryos.
Your doctor can select asthma inhalers suitable for your condition. As a rule, healthcare professionals recommend taking a dose, sufficient enough to control asthma symptoms during pregnancy. They also prefer to prescribe asthma inhalers than tablets as in this case the drug has minimal influence on the foetus.